The HIV-1 infection in humans induces a strong cellular and humoral immune response that is thought to partially control the progression of disease. Human monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) reflect the natural immune response and can be useful both for studying the mechanism of humoral immunity and the characterization of the immunogenic regions of viral proteins. Over the last several years, we developed from the lymphocytes of HIV-seropositive subjects more than 60 human mAbs (see Figure) to structural HIV-1 proteins. We identified several types of neutralizing mAbs against the V2, the V3, and the CD4-binding domain (CD4bd) of gpl20 and the ectodomain of gp41. Use of these mAbs showed laboratory strains of HIV-1 to be most sensitive to neutralization by anti-V3 mAbs followed by anti-CD4bd mAbs. The primary isolates were most effectively neutralized by selected mAbs specific for V3 and gp41. Because the enormous variation among HIV-1 isolates allows them to escape immunological control, we generated bispecific Abs, made by fusion of hybridoma producing anti-V3 and anti-CD4bd mAbs, which synergistically enhanced neutralization and broadened the specificity. Besides the research relevance of human mAbs, they may be useful in prophylactic immunotherapy against HIV-1 infection, as several mAbs, including one of our anti-V3 mAbs, proved to be protective against virus in chimpanzee and Hu-PBL-SCID HIV-1 infection models.
Professor, Department of Pathology
PhD from Medical Academy of Wroc?aw
MD from Medical Academy of Wroc?aw
Journal of clinical microbiology. 2017 Jun 28; 55(9):2785-2800
Monoclonal antibodies specific for the V2, V3, CD4-binding site, and gp41 of HIV-1 mediate phagocytosis in a dose-dependent manner
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