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Vivienne C. Greenstein

Research Professor, Department of Ophthalmology

tests of models of retinal disease and adaptation

The visual system can adapt to lights and can function over a wide range of light levels. It accomplishes this by adjusting its light sensitivity relative to the ambient level of light. The mechanisms underlying light adaptation are largely retinal in origin. We concentrate our research, using psychophysical and noninvasive electrophysiological techniques, on studying the sites, i.e., the retinal levels involved, and the mechanisms of light adaptation. The information gained from these studies in the normal visual system is then used to test hypotheses about how disease affects the visual system.

We have just completed a study of patients with an inherited retinal degenerative disease characterized by increased sensitivity of the short-wavelength-sensitive (S) cone system. Our purpose was to test the hypothesis that the retinas of patients with this syndrome have more S-cones than those patients with normal retinas. To conduct this research, the results of noninvasive electrophysiological techniques, i.e., electroretinogram responses, were compared to results obtained using psychophysical techniques. The data which were analyzed within the context of a model of the S-cone system were consistent with the presence of more S-cones and S-cone ganglion cells and with a decrease in the L- and M-cone input to each S-cone ganglion cell.


These focus areas and their associated publications are derived from medical subject headings from PubMed.
represents one publication
*Due to PubMed processing times, the most recent publications may not be reflected in the timeline.

Research Professor, Department of Ophthalmology

Xie, Yajing Angela; Lee, Winston; Cai, Carolyn; Gambin, Tomasz; Noupuu, Kalev; Sujirakul, Tharikarn; Ayuso, Carmen; Jhangiani, Shalini; Muzny, Donna; Boerwinkle, Eric; Gibbs, Richard; Greenstein, Vivienne C; Lupski, James R; Tsang, Stephen H; Allikmets, Rando

Human molecular genetics. 2014 Nov 01; 23(21):5774-80

Acton, Jennifer H; Greenstein, Vivienne C

Canadian journal of ophthalmology = Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie. 2013 Oct; 48(5):358-63

Acton, Jennifer H; Greenberg, Jonathan P; Greenstein, Vivienne C; Marsiglia, Marcela; Tabacaru, Mirela; Theodore Smith, R; Tsang, Stephen H

Experimental eye research. 2013 Aug; 113:41-8

Park, Sung Pyo; Chung, Jae Keun; Greenstein, Vivienne; Tsang, Stephen H; Chang, Stanley

Experimental eye research. 2013 Mar; 108:1-9

Acton, Jennifer H; Smith, R Theodore; Hood, Donald C; Greenstein, Vivienne C

Investigative ophthalmology & visual science. IOVS. 2012 Nov 09; 53(12):7618-24

Verdina, Tommaso; Tsang, Stephen H; Greenstein, Vivienne C; Zernant, Jana; Sodi, Andrea; Lima, Luiz H; Chang, Stanley; Allikmets, Rando; Menchini, Ugo

Journal of clinical & experimental ophthalmology. 2012 Jul 30; 3:

Lima LH; Greenberg JP; Greenstein VC; Smith RT; Sallum JM; Thirkill C; Yannuzzi LA; Tsang SH

Retina. 2012 Jul; 32(7):1385-94

Acton, Jennifer H; Smith, R Theodore; Greenberg, Jonathan P; Greenstein, Vivienne C

Optometry & vision science. 2012 Jul; 89(7):1050-8