Robotic Partial Nephrectomy

Robotic Surgery for Kidney Cancer and Benign Kidney Tumors

Robotic partial nephrectomy has become the robotic kidney surgery of choice for most patients with kidney cancer or a benign kidney tumor. In this procedure, the kidney tumor is removed while leaving the rest of the kidney intact—an approach that has been shown to maximize the patient’s post-operative kidney function. The da Vinci robot’s superior maneuverability is ideally suited for the delicate cutting and stitching required in this surgery, while the procedure’s minimally-invasive nature offers numerous advantages to the patient, including less trauma and faster recovery time.

View a Reuters Health video about research by NYU Langone physicians on the excellent safety rate of robotic partial nephrectomy.

How a Robotic Partial Nephrectomy is Performed

After a series of small incisions are made in the abdomen and the camera and instrument-bearing arms of the robot are inserted, the abdomen is inflated with gas. The colon is then moved away from the kidney, and the fat covering the kidney is trimmed away to expose the kidney surface. Next, blood flow to the kidney is temporarily halted to prevent bleeding while the tumor is cut out and the remaining kidney tissue is sutured together. After the kidney is reconstructed, its blood flow is restored and the kidney is carefully inspected to ensure there’s no bleeding.

New York City NYC Robotic Nephrectomy

Advantages of Robotic Partial Nephrectomy

While a partial nephrectomy can be also done using open surgery or laparoscopic surgery, robotic kidney surgery offers significant advantages over both of these approaches.
Less trauma and scarring and faster recovery than open surgery. Compared with open surgery, a robotic kidney surgery uses smaller incisions and doesn’t require cutting through muscle or bone, resulting in less scarring and trauma to the patient and a faster recovery time—typically just 2 weeks, as opposed to 6 to 8 weeks for the open procedure.

New York City Robotic Partial Nephrectomy, NYC Robotic Nephrectomy, New Jersey Robotic Kidney SurgeryRobotic partial nephrectomy provides a three-dimensional view. Unlike laparoscopic surgery, which utilizes a two-dimensional video monitor, robotic kidney surgery permits a three-dimensional view of the operative field and allows for a much wider range of motion of the surgical instruments, making it easier to perform the complex surgical maneuvers required in this procedure.

View a Reuters Health video about research by NYU Langone physicians on the advantages of robotic partial nephrectomy compared to laparoscopic surgery.

Shorter blood cut-off to kidney, less overall blood loss and faster recovery than with laparoscopy. Research conducted by NYU Langone physicians has shown that with a robotic partial nephrectomy, the kidney’s blood supply is cut off for a shorter time than with laparoscopy—and that patients undergoing robotic surgery also have less blood loss during surgery and a somewhat quicker recovery time compared to laparoscopic surgery.

Robotic Partial Nephrectomy at NYULMC

At the NYU Langone Robotic Surgery Center, we’ve performed hundreds of robotic partial nephrectomies since 2005—more than any other hospital in the tri-state area. Our experts were among the first surgeons in the U.S. to perform this operation robotically, and our faculty have co-authored some of the largest clinical research studies on the use of robotic kidney surgery for this procedure.

Research by NYULMC Doctors on Robotic Partial Nephrectomy

Meet Our Surgeons

Video Library

To watch a video of this procedure being performed by one of NYU Langone Medical
Center's robotic surgeons, click on the link below.