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Boris Reizis

Boris Reizis, PhD

Professor, Department of Pathology

Samuel A. Brown Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine

Keywords
immunology, stem cell biology, autoimmunity
Summary

Major areas of research in my lab include stem cells in normal hematopoiesis and leukemia, dendritic cell development and function, and mechanisms of autoimmunity.

Stem Cells in Normal Hematopoiesis and Leukemia

Stem cells can both differentiate into various cell types and maintain their own population of undifferentiated cells. Thus, a single hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) can regenerate the entire blood system in irradiated recipients, enabling a potentially life-saving bone marrow transplantation. However, controversies remain on the role and properties of HSCs during normal blood production—hematopoiesis—in unirradiated organisms.

We have developed genetic tools to identify and trace HSCs, and we have shown that these cells are indeed a major source of adult hematopoiesis. Our current studies focus on the mechanisms of HSC differentiation in normal conditions and their subversion in leukemia.

Dendritic Cell Development and Function

Dendritic cells (DCs) detect, capture, and present invading pathogens to lymphocytes, thus representing a critical link between innate and adaptive immunity. DCs encompass several lineages dedicated to distinct pathogens and immune response types, including the antigen-presenting classical DCs (cDCs) and interferon-producing plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs).

Our studies have identified several transcription factors and signaling pathways that control the development and specification of DCs. Our current studies focus on the molecular control of DC function in the steady state and during immune responses.

Mechanisms of Autoimmunity

Aberrant recognition and attack of the body by its own immune system causes autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We are studying the mechanisms of autoimmunity by focusing on SLE, in which the immune system targets self-DNA and self-RNA. We have characterized a unique nuclease, DNASE1L3, as an essential mechanism of tolerance to self-DNA, the loss of which causes SLE-like autoimmune responses towards self-DNA. We are exploring the mechanism of DNASE1L3 activity and its potential as a therapeutic tool.

Phone

646-501-0614

Academic office

435 E 30th St, Science Building

4th Floor, Room 413

New York, NY 10016

Lab Website
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Co-Director, Judith and Stewart Colton Center for Autoimmunity

Director, Translational Immunology Center

PhD from Weizmann Institute of Science

Hartl, Johannes; Serpas, Lee; Wang, Yueyang; Rashidfarrokhi, Ali; Perez, Oriana A; Sally, Benjamin; Sisirak, Vanja; Soni, Chetna; Khodadadi-Jamayran, Alireza; Tsirigos, Aristotelis; Caiello, Ivan; Bracaglia, Claudia; Volpi, Stefano; Ghiggeri, Gian Marco; Chida, Asiya Seema; Sanz, Ignacio; Kim, Mimi Y; Belmont, H Michael; Silverman, Gregg J; Clancy, Robert M; Izmirly, Peter M; Buyon, Jill P; Reizis, Boris

Journal of experimental medicine. 2021 05 03; 218(5):

Yun, Tae Jin; Igarashi, Suzu; Zhao, Haoquan; Perez, Oriana A; Pereira, Marcus R; Zorn, Emmanuel; Shen, Yufeng; Goodrum, Felicia; Rahman, Adeeb; Sims, Peter A; Farber, Donna L; Reizis, Boris

Science immunology. 2021 Apr 02; 6(58):

Tong, Haijun; Li, Xin; Zhang, Jinping; Gong, Liying; Sun, Weili; Calderon, Virginie; Zhang, Xiaochen; Li, Yue; Gadzinski, Adeline; Langdon, Wallace Y; Reizis, Boris; Zou, Yongrui; Gu, Hua

Frontiers in immunology. 2021 Oct; 12:757231

Chan, Rebecca W Y; Serpas, Lee; Ni, Meng; Volpi, Stefano; Hiraki, Linda T; Tam, Lai-Shan; Rashidfarrokhi, Ali; Wong, Priscilla C H; Tam, Lydia H P; Wang, Yueyang; Jiang, Peiyong; Cheng, Alice S H; Peng, Wenlei; Han, Diana S C; Tse, Patty P P; Lau, Pik Ki; Lee, Wing-Shan; Magnasco, Alberto; Buti, Elisa; Sisirak, Vanja; AlMutairi, Nora; Chan, K C Allen; Chiu, Rossa W K; Reizis, Boris; Lo, Y M Dennis

American journal of human genetics. 2020 Nov 05; 107(5):882-894

Pucella, Joseph N; Upadhaya, Samik; Reizis, Boris

Annual review of cell & developmental biology. 2020 Oct 06; 36:529-550

Upadhaya, Samik; Krichevsky, Oleg; Akhmetzyanova, Ilseyar; Sawai, Catherine M; Fooksman, David R; Reizis, Boris

Cell stem cell. 2020 Aug 06; 27(2):336-345.e4

Soni, Chetna; Perez, Oriana A; Voss, William N; Pucella, Joseph N; Serpas, Lee; Mehl, Justin; Ching, Krystal L; Goike, Jule; Georgiou, George; Ippolito, Gregory C; Sisirak, Vanja; Reizis, Boris

Immunity. 2020 Jun 16; 52(6):1022-1038.e7

Ou, Pengju; Wen, Lifen; Liu, Xiaoli; Huang, Jiancheng; Huang, Xiaoling; Su, Chaofei; Wang, Ling; Ni, Hai; Reizis, Boris; Yang, Cliff Y

Journal of experimental medicine. 2019 Sep 02; 216(9):2091-2112