George D. Thurston

George D. Thurston

Professor, Department of Environmental Medicine

Professor, Department of Population Health

Keywords
human health effects of exposures to air pollutants
Summary

Professor Thurston is Director of the Program in Exposure Assessment and Human Health Effects at the Department of Environmental Medicine, NYU School of Medicine, and is a leading scholar on the human health effects of air pollution. His research has focused on health effects of air pollution in New York City, as well as in cities across the nation and around the world. In New York City, this has included his Backpack Study of the effect of diesel air pollution on children with asthma in the South Bronx. His research and collaborations in cities around the globe has included a study of the effects of industrial air pollution among children in Cubatao, Brazil. He was also an author of the most recent World Health Organization (WHO) Global Burden of Disease (GBD) report, published in the Lancet in 2012, which provided global estimates of the life years lost due to outdoor fine particulate matter air pollution (PM2.5), which were based in large measure on Dr. Thurston?s ACS cohort studies of PM2.5 air pollution and mortality, and his leading-edge collaborative research in which global PM2.5 concentrations were estimated based on global satellite data. Dr. Thurston has also been a leader in advancing the intersection of science and public policy decision-making. He has been called upon to testify before the US Senate and the House of Representatives on dozens of occasions to explain the public policy implications of air pollution research, most recently in October 2011 regarding the proposed mercury emission regulations. In 1999, he spoke at the Community of Parties (COP5) Kyoto Protocol meeting held in Bonn, Germany regarding his research on the immediate human health co-benefits of climate change mitigation steps from associated cleaner air quality. In 2002, he was called upon to testify before the Senate on the human health effects associated with the Word Trade Center disaster, in which he took a leadership role in collecting air pollution samples independent of the government, and in directly sharing that information with the community through public forums led by him at NYU and in Lower Manhattan. He has also served as a member of the U.S. EPA Clean Air Science Advisory Council (CASAC) that advises the EPA Administrator on the setting of the U.S. air quality standards, and has served on a National Academy of Science advisory committee on the environmental aspects of Waste Incineration. As a result of these activities, he has been frequently interviewed by the networks and the press, most recently on CNN International regarding the increasing problem of air pollution in Beijing, China. He has provided consistent leadership in his scientific organizations, and his research has been honored for its excellence by the scientific community. In May 2003, he organized and hosted the U.S. EPA supported international meeting: Workshop on the Source Apportionment of PM Health Effects. In 2004, he co-hosted the International Society of Environmental Epidemiology annual meeting, held at the NYU Kimmel Center in Washington Square. In 2012, Dr. Thurston was awarded the prestigious Haagen Smit Prize by the scientific journal Atmospheric Environment.

Phone

845-731-3564

Academic office

57 Old Forge Rd.

Second Floor

Tuxedo, NY 10987

Lab Website
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Professor, Department of Environmental Medicine

Professor, Department of Population Health

Soriano, Joan B; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Agrawal, Anurag; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Aichour, Amani Nidhal; Aichour, Ibtihel; Aichour, Miloud Taki Eddine; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Noore; Alkaabi, Juma M; Al-Maskari, Fatma; Alvis-Guzman, Nelson; Amberbir, Alemayehu; Amoako, Yaw Ampem; Ansha, Mustafa Geleto; Anto, Josep M; Asayesh, Hamid; Atey, Tesfay Mehari; Avokpaho, Euripide Frinel GArthur; Barac, Aleksandra; Basu, Sanjay; Bedi, Neeraj; Bensenor, Isabela M; Berhane, Adugnaw; Beyene, Addisu Shunu; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A; Biryukov, Stan; Boneya, Dube Jara; Brauer, Michael; Carpenter, David O; Casey, Daniel; Christopher, Devasahayam Jesudas; Dandona, Lalit; Dandona, Rakhi; Dharmaratne, Samath D; Huyen Phuc Do; Fischer, Florian; Geleto, Ayele; Ghoshal, Aloke Gopal; Gillum, Richard F; Ginawi, Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed; Gupta, Vipin; Hay, Simon I; Hedayati, Mohammad T; Horita, Nobuyuki; Hosgood, HDean; Jakovljevic, Mihajlo (Michael) B; James, Spencer Lewis; Jonas, Jost B; Kasaeian, Amir; Khader, Yousef Saleh; Khalil, Ibrahim A; Khan, Ejaz Ahmad; Khang, Young-Ho; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Knibbs, Luke D; Kosen, Soewarta; Koul, Parvaiz A; Kumar, GAnil; Leshargie, Cheru Tesema; Liang, Xiaofeng; Abd El Razek, Hassan Magdy; Majeed, Azeem; Malta, Deborah Carvalho; Manhertz, Treh; Marquez, Neal; Mehari, Alem; Mensah, George A; Miller, Ted R; Mohammad, Karzan Abdulmuhsin; Mohammed, Kedir Endris; Mohammed, Shafiu; Mokdad, Ali H; Naghavi, Mohsen; Cuong Tat Nguyen; Nguyen, Grant; Quyen Le Nguyen; Trang Huyen Nguyen; Ningrum, Dina Nur Anggraini; Vuong Minh Nong; Obi, Jennifer Ifeoma; Odeyemi, Yewande E; Ogbo, Felix Akpojene; Oren, Eyal; Mahesh, PA; Park, Eun-Kee; Patton, George C; Paulson, Katherine; Qorbani, Mostafa; Quansah, Reginald; Rafay, Anwar; Rahman, Mohammad Hifz Ur; Rai, Rajesh Kumar; Rawaf, Salman; Reinig, Nik; Safiri, Saeid; Sarmiento-Suarez, Rodrigo; Sartorius, Benn; Savic, Miloje; Sawhney, Monika; Shigematsu, Mika; Smith, Mari; Tadese, Fentaw; Thurston, George D; Topor-Madry, Roman; Tran, Bach Xuan; Ukwaja, Kingsley Nnanna; van Boven, Job FM; Vlassov, Vasiliy Victorovich; Vollset, Stein Emil; Wan, Xia; Werdecker, Andrea; Hanson, Sarah Wulf; Yano, Yuichiro; Yimam, Hassen Hamid; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Yu, Chuanhua; Zaidi, Zoubida; Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed; Murray, Christopher JL; Vos, Theo; GBD 2015 Chronic Resp Dis Collabor

Lancet. Respiratory medicine. 2017 SEP; 5(9):691-706

Thurston, George; Balmes, John

American journal of respiratory & critical care medicine. 2017 Jul 01; 196(1):6-7

Lim, Chris C; Thurston, George D; Shamy, Magdy; Alghamdi, Mansour; Khoder, Mamdouh; Mohorjy, Abdullah M; Alkhalaf, Abdulrahman K; Brocato, Jason; Chen, Lung Chi; Costa, Max

Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995). 2017 Jun 21; ?-?

Bayram, Hasan; Bauer, Alison K; Abdalati, Waleed; Carlsten, Christopher; Pinkerton, Kent E; Thurston, George D; Balmes, John R; Takaro, Tim K

American journal of respiratory & critical care medicine. 2017 Mar 15; 195(6):718-724

Yinon, Lital; Thurston, George

Environment international. 2017 Feb 23; 102:66-73

Thurston, George D; Kipen, Howard; Annesi-Maesano, Isabella; Balmes, John; Brook, Robert D; Cromar, Kevin; De Matteis, Sara; Forastiere, Francesco; Forsberg, Bertil; Frampton, Mark W; Grigg, Jonathan; Heederik, Dick; Kelly, Frank J; Kuenzli, Nino; Laumbach, Robert; Peters, Annette; Rajagopalan, Sanjay T; Rich, David; Ritz, Beate; Samet, Jonathan M; Sandstrom, Thomas; Sigsgaard, Torben; Sunyer, Jordi; Brunekreef, Bert

European respiratory journal. 2017 Jan 11; 49(1):?-?

Effect Modification Of Long-Term Pm2.5-Mortality Relationship By Temperature In The Us [Meeting Abstract]

Lim, C; Yinon, L; Ahn, J; Hayes, R; Shao, Y; Thurston, GD

American journal of respiratory & critical care medicine. 2017; 195:?-?

Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015

Wang, Haidong; Naghavi, Mohsen; Allen, Christine; Barber, Ryan M; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A; Carter, Austin; Casey, Daniel C; Charlson, Fiona J; Chen, Alan Zian; Coates, Matthew M; Coggeshall, Megan; Dandona, Lalit; Dicker, Daniel J; Erskine, Holly E; Ferrari, Alize J; Fitzmaurice, Christina; Foreman, Kyle; Forouzanfar, Mohammad H; Fraser, Maya S; Pullman, Nancy; Gething, Peter W; Goldberg, Ellen M; Graetz, Nicholas; Haagsma, Juanita A; Hay, Simon I; Huynh, Chantal; Johnson, Catherine; Kassebaum, Nicholas J; Kinfu, Yohannes; Kulikoff, Xie Rachel; Kutz, Michael; Kyu, Hmwe H; Larson, Heidi J; Leung, Janni; Liang, Xiaofeng; Lim, Stephen S; Lind, Margaret; Lozano, Rafael; Marquez, Neal; Mensah, George A; Mikesell, Joe; Mokdad, Ali H; Mooney, Meghan D; Nguyen, Grant; Nsoesie, Elaine; Pigott, David M; Pinho, Christine; Roth, Gregory A; Salomon, Joshua A; Sandar, Logan; Silpakit, Naris; Sligar, Amber; Sorensen, Reed JD; Stanaway, Jeffrey; Steiner, Caitlyn; Teeple, Stephanie; Thomas, Bernadette A; Troeger, Christopher; VanderZanden, Amelia; Vollset, Stein Emil; Wanga, Valentine; Whiteford, Harvey A; Wolock, Timothy; Zoeckler, Leo; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Abreu, Daisy MX; Abu-Raddad, Laith J; Abyu, Gebre Yitayih; Achoki, Tom; Adelekan, Ademola Lukman; Ademi, Zanfina; Adou, Arsene Kouablan; Adsuar, Jose C; Afanvi, Kossivi Agbelenko; Afshin, Ashkan; Agardh, Emilie Elisabet; Agarwal, Arnav; Agrawal, Anurag; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Ajala, Oluremi N; Akanda, All Shafqat; Akinyemi, Rufus Olusola; Akinyemiju, Tomi F; Akseer, Nadia; Al Lami, Faris Hasan; Alabed, Samer; Al-Aly, Ziyad; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Noore KM; Alasfoor, Deena; Aldhahri, Saleh Fahed; Aldridge, Robert William; Alegretti, Miguel Angel; Aleman, Alicia V; Alemu, Zewdie Aderaw; Alexander, Lily T; Alhabib, Samia; Ali, Raghib; Alkerwi, Ala'a; Alla, Francois; Allebeck, Peter; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa; Alsharif, Ubai; Altirkawi, Khalid A; Martin, Elena Alvarez; Alvis-Guzman, Nelson; Amare, Azmeraw T; Amegah, Adeladza Kofi; Ameh, Emmanuel A; Amini, Heresh; Ammar, Walid; Amrock, Stephen Marc; Andersen, Hjalte H; Anderson, Benjamin; Anderson, Gregory M; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T; Aregay, Atsede Fantahun; Arnlov, Johan; Arsenijevic, Valentina SArsic; Al Artaman; Asayesh, Hamid; Asghar, Rana Jawad; Atique, Suleman; Arthur Avokpaho, Euripide Frinel G; Awasthi, Ashish; Azzopardi, Peter; Bacha, Umar; Badawi, Alaa; Bahit, Maria C; Balakrishnan, Kalpana; Banerjee, Amitava; Barac, Aleksandra; Barker-Collo, Suzanne L; Barnighausen, Till; Barregard, Lars; Barrero, Lope H; Basu, Arindam; Basu, Sanjay; Bayou, Yibeltal Tebekaw; Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad; Beardsley, Justin; Bedi, Neeraj; Beghi, Ettore; Belay, Haileeyesus Adamu; Bell, Brent; Bell, Michelle L; Bello, Aminu K; Bennett, Derrick A; Bensenor, Isabela M; Berhane, Adugnaw; Bernabe, Eduardo; Betsu, Balem Demtsu; Beyene, Addisu Shunu; Bhala, Neeraj; Bhalla, Ashish; Biadgilign, Sibhatu; Bikbov, Boris; Bin Abdulhak, Aref A; Biroscak, Brian J; Biryukov, Stan; Bjertness, Espen; Blore, Jed D; Blosser, Christopher D; Bohensky, Megan A; Borschmann, Rohan; Bose, Dipan; Bourne, Rupert RA; Brainin, Michael; Brayne, Carol EG; Brazinova, Alexandra; Breitborde, Nicholas JK; Brenner, Hermann; Brewer, Jerry D; Brown, Alexandria; Brown, Jonathan; Brugha, Traolach S; Buckle, Geoffrey Colin; Butt, Zahid A; Calabria, Bianca; Campos-Novato, Ismael Ricardo; Campuzano, Julio Cesar; Carapetis, Jonathan R; Cardenas, Rosario; Carpenter, David; Carrero, Juan Jesus; Castaneda-Oquela, Carlos A; Rivas, Jacqueline Castillo; Catala-Lopez, Ferran; Cavalleri, Fiorella; Cercy, Kelly; Cerda, Jorge; Chen, Wanqing; Chew, Adrienne; Chiang, Peggy Pei -Chia; Chibalabala, Mirriam; Chibueze, Chioma Ezinne; Chimed-Ochir, Odgerel; Chisumpa, Vesper Hichilombwe; Choi, Jee-Young Jasmine; Chowdhury, Rajiv; Christensen, Hanne; Christopher, Devasahayam Jesudas; Ciobanu, Liliana G; Cirillo, Massimo; Cohen, Aaron J; Colistro, Valentina; Colomar, Mercedes; Colquhoun, Samantha M; Cooper, Cyrus; Cooper, Leslie Trumbull; Cortinovis, Monica; Cowie, Benjamin C; Crump, John A; Damsere-Derry, James; Danawi, Hadi; Dandona, Rakhi; Daoud, Farah; Darby, Sarah C; Dargan, Paul I; das Neves, Jose; Davey, Gail; Davis, Adrian C; Davitoiu, Dragos V; de Castro, EFilipa; de Jager, Pieter; De Leo, Diego; Degenhardt, Louisa; Dellavalle, Robert P; Deribe, Kebede; Deribew, Amare; Dharmaratne, Samath D; Dhillon, Preet K; Diaz-Torne, Cesar; Ding, Eric L; dos Santos, Kadine Priscila Bender; Dossou, Edem; Driscoll, Tim R; Duan, Leilei; Dubey, Manisha; Bartholow, Bruce; Ellenbogen, Richard G; Lycke, Christian; Elyazar, Iqbal; Endries, Aman Yesuf; Ermakov, Sergey Petrovich; Eshrati, Babak; Esteghamati, Alireza; Estep, Kara; Faghmous, Imad DA; Fahimi, Saman; Jose, Emerito; Farid, Talha A; Sa Farinha, Carla Sofia e; Faro, Andre; Farvid, Maryam S; Farzadfar, Farshad; Feigin, Valery L; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Fernandes, Jefferson G; Fernandes, Joao C; Fischer, Florian; Fitchett, Joseph RA; Flaxman, Abraham; Foigt, Nataliya; Fowkes, FGerry R; Franca, Elisabeth Barboza; Franklin, Richard C; Friedman, Joseph; Frostad, Joseph; Hirst, Thomas; Futran, Neal D; Gall, Seana L; Gambashidze, Ketevan; Gamkrelidze, Amiran; Ganguly, Parthasarathi; Gankpe, Fortune Gbetoho; Gebre, Teshome; Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye Tsewelde; Gebremedhin, Amanuel Tesfay; Gebru, Alemseged Aregay; Geleijnse, Johanna M; Gessner, Bradford D; Ghoshal, Aloke Gopal; Gibney, Katherine B; Gillum, Richard F; Gilmour, Stuart; Giref, Ababi Zergaw; Giroud, Maurice; Gishu, Melkamu Dedefo; Giussani, Giorgia; Glaser, Elizabeth; Godwin, William W; Gomez-Dantes, Hector; Gona, Philimon; Goodridge, Amador; Gopalani, Sameer Vali; Gosselin, Richard A; Gotay, Carolyn C; Goto, Atsushi; Gouda, Hebe N; Greaves, Felix; Gugnani, Harish Chander; Gupta, Rahul; Gupta, Rajeev; Gupta, Vipin; Gutierrez, Reyna A; Hafezi-Nejad, Nima; Haile, Demewoz; Hailu, Alemayehu Desalegne; Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa; Halasa, Yara A; Hamadeh, Randah Ribhi; Hamidi, Samer; Hancock, Jamie; Handal, Alexis J; Hankey, Graeme J; Hao, Yuantao; Harb, Hilda L; Harikrishnan, Sivadasanpillai; Haro, Josep Maria; Havmoeller, Rasmus; Heckbert, Susan R; Heredia-Pi, Ileana Beatriz; Heydarpour, Pouria; Hilderink, Henk BM; Hoek, Hans W; Hogg, Robert S; Horino, Masako; Horita, Nobuyuki; Hosgood, HDean; Hotez, Peter J; Hoy, Damian G; Hsairi, Mohamed; Htet, Aung Soe; Than Htike, Maung Maung; Hu, Guoqing; Huang, Cheng; Huang, Hsiang; Huiart, Laetitia; Husseini, Abdullatif; Huybrechts, Inge; Huynh, Grace; Iburg, Kim Moesgaard; Innos, Kaire; Inoue, Manami; Iyer, Veena J; Jacobs, Troy A; Jacobsen, Kathryn H; Jahanmehr, Nader; Jakovljevic, Mihajlo B; James, Peter; Javanbakht, Mehdi; Jayaraman, Sudha P; Jayatilleke, Achala Upendra; Jeemon, Panniyammakal; Jensen, Paul N; Jha, Vivekanand; Jiang, Guohong; Jiang, Ying; Jibat, Tariku; Jimenez-Corona, Aida; Jonas, Jost B; Joshi, Tushar Kant; Kabir, Zubair; Karnak, Ritul; Kan, Haidong; Kant, Surya; Karch, Andre; Karema, Corine Kakizi; Karimkhani, Chante; Karletsos, Dimitris; Karthikeyan, Ganesan; Kasaeian, Amir; Katibeh, Marzieh; Kaul, Anil; Kawakami, Norito; Kayibanda, Jeanne Francoise; Keiyoro, Peter Njenga; Kemmer, Laura; Kemp, Andrew Haddon; Kengne, Andre Pascal; Keren, Andre; Kereselidze, Maia; Kesavachandran, Chandrasekharan Nair; Khader, Yousef Saleh; Khalil, Ibrahim A; Khan, Abdur Rahman; Khan, Ejaz Ahmad; Khang, Young-Ho; Khera, Sahil; Muthafer Khoja, Tawfik Ahmed; Kieling, Christian; Kim, Daniel; Kim, Yun Jin; Kissela, Brett M; Kissoon, Niranjan; Knibbs, Luke D; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Kokubo, Yoshihiro; Kolte, Dhaval; Kopec, Jacek A; Kosen, Soewarta; Koul, Parvaiz A; Koyanagi, Ai; Krog, Norun Hjertager; Defo, Barthelemy Kuate; Bicer, Burcu Kucuk; Kudom, Andreas A; Kuipers, Ernst J; Kulkarni, Veena S; Kumar, GAnil; Kwan, Gene F; Lal, Aparna; Lal, Dharmesh Kumar; Lalloo, Ratilal; Lam, Hilton; Lam, Jennifer O; Langan, Sinead M; Lansingh, Van C; Larsson, Anders; Laryea, Dennis Odai; Latif, Asma Abdul; Lawrynowicz, Alicia Elena Beatriz; Leigh, James; Levi, Miriam; Li, Yongmei; Lindsay, MPatrice; Lipshultz, Steven E; Liu, Patrick Y; Liu, Shiwei; Liu, Yang; Lo, Loon-Tzian; Logroscino, Giancarlo; Lotufo, Paulo A; Lucas, Robyn M; Lunevicius, Raimundas; Lyons, Ronan A; Ma, Stefan; Pedro Machado, Vasco Manuel; Mackay, Mark T; MacLachlan, Jennifer H; Abd El Razek, Hassan Magdy; Abd El Razek, Mohammed Magdy; Majdan, Marek; Majeed, Azeem; Malekzadeh, Reza; Ayele Manamo, Wondimu Ayele; Mandisarisa, John; Mangalam, Srikanth; Mapoma, Chabila C; Marcenes, Wagner; Margolis, David Joel; Martin, Gerard Robert; Martinez-Raga, Jose; Marzan, Melvin Barrientos; Masiye, Felix; Mason-Jones, Amanda J; Massano, Joao; Matzopoulos, Richard; Mayosi, Bongani M; McGarvey, Stephen Theodore; McGrath, John J; Mckee, Martin; McMahon, Brian J; Meaney, Peter A; Mehari, Alem; Mehndiratta, Man Mohan; Mena-Rodriguez, Fabiola; Mekonnen, Alemayehu B; Melaku, Yohannes Adama; Memiah, Peter; Memish, Ziad A; Mendoza, Walter; Meretoja, Atte; Meretoja, Tuomo J; Mhimbira, Francis Apolinary; Micha, Renata; Miller, Ted R; Mirarefin, Mojde; Misganaw, Awoke; Mock, Charles N; Abdulmuhsin Mohammad, Karzan; Mohammadi, Alireza; Mohammed, Shafiu; Mohan, Viswanathan; Mola, Glen Liddell D; Monasta, Lorenzo; Montanez Hernandez, Julio Cesar; Montero, Pablo; Montico, Marcella; Montine, Thomas J; Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar; Morawska, Lidia; Morgan, Katherine; Mori, Rintaro; Mozaffarian, Dariush; Mueller, Ulrich; Satyanarayana Murthy, Gudlavalleti Venkata; Murthy, Srinivas; Musa, Kamarul Imran; Nachega, Jean B; Nagel, Gabriele; Naidoo, Kovin S; Naik, Nitish; Naldi, Luigi; Nangia, Vinay; Nash, Denis; Nejjari, Chakib; Neupane, Subas; Newton, Charles R; Newton, John N; Ng, Marie; Ngalesoni, Frida Namnyak; Ngirabega, Jean de Dieu; Quyen Le Nguyen; Nisar, Muhammad Imran; Nkamedjie Pete, Patrick Martial; Nomura, Marika; Norheim, Ole F; Norman, Paul E; Norrving, Bo; Nyakarahuka, Luke; Ogbo, Felix Akpojene; Ohkubo, Takayoshi; Ojelabi, Foluke Adetola; Olivares, Pedro R; Olusanya, Bolajoko Olubukunola; Olusanya, Jacob Olusegun; Opio, John Nelson; Oren, Eyal; Ortiz, Alberto; Osman, Majdi; Ota, Erika; Ozdemir, Raziye; Pa, Mahesh; Pandian, Jeyaraj D; Pant, Puspa Raj; Papachristou, Christina; Park, Eun-Kee; Park, Jae-Hyun; Parry, Charles D; Parsaeian, Mahboubeh; Caicedo, Angel JPaternina; Patten, Scott B; Patton, George C; Paul, Vinod K; Pearce, Neil; Pedro, Joao Mario; Stokic, Ljiljana Pejin; Pereira, David M; Perico, Norberto; Pesudovs, Konrad; Petzold, Max; Phillips, Michael Robert; Piel, Frederic B; Pillay, Julian David; Plass, Dietrich; Platts-Mills, James A; Polinder, Suzanne; Pope, CArden; Popova, Svetlana; Poulton, Richie G; Pourmalek, Farshad; Prabhakaran, Dorairaj; Qorbani, Mostafa; Quame-Amaglo, Justice; Quistberg, DAlex; Rafay, Anwar; Rahimi, Kazem; Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa; Rahman, Mahfuzar; Rahman, Mohammad Hifz Ur; Rahman, Sajjad Ur; Rai, Rajesh Kumar; Rajavi, Zhale; Rajsic, Sasa; Raju, Murugesan; Rakovac, Ivo; Rana, Saleem M; Ranabhat, Chhabi L; Rangaswamy, Thara; Rao, Puja; Rao, Sowmya R; Refaat, Amany H; Rehm, Jurgen; Reitsma, Marissa B; Remuzzi, Giuseppe; Resnikofff, Serge; Ribeiro, Antonio L; Ricci, Stefano; Blancas, Maria Jesus Rios; Roberts, Bayard; Roca, Anna; Rojas-Rueda, David; Ronfani, Luca; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Rothenbacher, Dietrich; Roy, Ambuj; Roy, Nawal K; Ruhago, George Mugambage; Sagar, Rajesh; Saha, Sukanta; Sahathevan, Ramesh; Saleh, Muhammad Muhammad; Sanabria, Juan R; Sanchez-Nino, Maria Dolores; Sanchez-Riera, Lidia; Santos, Itamar S; Sarmiento-Suarez, Rodrigo; Sartorius, Benn; Satpathy, Maheswar; Savic, Miloje; Sawhney, Monika; Schaub, Michael P; Schmidt, Maria Ines; Schneider, Ione JC; Schottker, Ben; Schutte, Aletta E; Schwebel, David C; Seedat, Soraya; Sepanlou, Sadaf G; Servan-Mori, Edson E; Shackelford, Katya A; Shaddick, Gavin; Shaheen, Amira; Shahraz, Saeid; Shaikh, Masood Ali; Shakh-Nazarova, Marina; Sharma, Rajesh; She, Jun; Sheikhbahaei, Sara; Shen, Jiabin; Shen, Ziyan; Shepard, Donald S; Sheth, Kevin N; Shetty, Balakrishna P; Shi, Peilin; Shibuya, Kenji; Shin, Min-Jeong; Shiri, Rahman; Shiue, Ivy; Shrime, Mark G; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Silberberg, Donald H; Silva, Diego Augusto Santos; Silveira, Dayane Gabriele Alves; Silverberg, Jonathan I; Simard, Edgar P; Singh, Abhishek; Singh, Gitanjali M; Singh, Jasvinder A; Singh, Om Prakash; Singh, Prashant Kumar; Singh, Virendra; Soneji, Samir; Soreide, Kjetil; Soriano, Joan B; Sposato, Luciano A; Sreeramareddy, Chandrashekhar T; Stathopoulou, Vasiliki; Stein, Dan J; Stein, Murray B; Stranges, Saverio; Stroumpoulis, Konstantinos; Sunguya, Bruno F; Sur, Patrick; Swaminathan, Soumya; Sykes, Bryan L; Szoeke, Cassandra EI; Tabares-Seisdedos, Rafael; Tabb, Karen M; Takahashi, Ken; Takala, Jukka S; Talongwa, Roberto Tchio; Tandon, Nikhil; Tavakkoli, Mohammad; Taye, Bineyam; Taylor, Hugh R; Ao, Braden JTe; Tedla, Bemnet Amare; Tefera, Worku Mekonnen; Ten Have, Margreet; Terkawi, Abdullah Sulieman; Tesfay, Fisaha Haile; Tessema, Gizachew Assefa; Thomson, Alan J; Thorne-Lyman, Andrew L; Thrift, Amanda G; Thurston, George D; Tillmann, Taavi; Tirschwell, David L; Tonelli, Marcello; Topor-Madry, Roman; Topouzis, Fotis; Nx, Jeffrey Allen Towb; Traebert, Jefferson; Tran, Bach Xuan; Truelsen, Thomas; Trujillo, Ulises; Tura, Abera Kenay; Tuzcu, Emin Murat; Uchendu, Uche S; Ukwaja, Kingsley N; Undurraga, Eduardo A; Uthman, Olalekan A; Van Dingenen, Rita; Van Donkelaar, Aaron; Vasankari, Tommi; Vasconcelos, Ana Maria Nogales; Venketasubramanian, Narayanaswamy; Vidavalur, Ramesh; Vijayakumar, Lakshmi; Villalpando, Salvador; Violante, Francesco S; Vlassov, Vasiliy Victorovich; Wagner, Joseph A; Wagner, Gregory R; Wallin, Mitchell T; Wang, Linhong; Watkins, David A; Weichenthal, Scott; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Weintraub, Robert G; Werdecker, Andrea; Westerman, Ronny; White, Richard A; Wijeratne, Tissa; Wilkinson, James D; Williams, Hywel C; Wiysonge, Charles Shey; Woldeyohannes, Solomon Meseret; Wolfe, Charles DA; Won, Sungho; Wong, John Q; Woolf, Anthony D; Xavier, Denis; Xiao, Qingyang; Xu, Gelin; Yakob, Bereket; Yalew, Ayalnesh Zemene; Yan, Lijing L; Yano, Yuichiro; Yaseri, Mehdi; Ye, Pengpeng; Yebyo, Henock Gebremedhin; Yip, Paul; Yirsaw, Biruck Desalegn; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Yonga, Gerald; Younis, Mustafa Z; Yu, Shicheng; Zaidi, Zoubida; Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed; Zannad, Faiez; Zavala, Diego E; Zeeb, Hajo; Zeleke, Berihun M; Zhang, Hao; Zodpey, Sanjay; Zonies, David; Zuhlke, Liesl Joanna; Vos, Theo; Lopez, Alan D; Murray, Christopher JL; GBD 015 Mortality and Causes Death

Lancet. 2016 OCT 8; 388(10053):1459-1544