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Herbert H. Samuels

Herbert H. Samuels, MD

Helen and Milton A. Kimmelman Professor of Pharmacology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology

Professor, Department of Medicine

hormonal regulation of gene expression

Our research involves the broad aspect of hormone action with a major focus on transcriptional regulation by the nuclear receptors for glucocorticoid hormones, thyroid hormone (T3R), all trans-retinoic acid (RAR), 9-cis retinoic acid (RXR), and vitamin D (VDR). These receptors are members of a subfamily of the steroid hormone receptor superfamily which recognizes similar DNA sequences that contain two or more hexanucleotide DNA-binding half-sites arranged as direct repeats or inverted repeats. We identified a dimerization domain which is embedded within the ligand-binding region in the C-terminal half of T3R, RXR, and RAR which consists of nine hydrophobic heptad repeats. These receptors play important roles in mediating gene expression, development, and differentiation. T3R, RAR, and VDR primarily bind their DNA elements as heterodimers with RXR, which was established using Escherichia coli expressed T3R, RAR, and RXR, purified to homogeneity, as well as with receptors expressed using eukaryotic systems. Our current studies focus on identifying the nuclear factors, including the "core" transcription factors such as TFIIB and TFIID, which interact with T3R, RAR, and RXR and defining their role(s) using in vitro transcription systems. These studies have defined a region in the N-terminus of T3R which specifically interacts with TFIIB. In addition, we are: 1) defining the precise motifs involved in mediating homo- and/or heterodimer formation and transcriptional activation with site-directed mutagenesis; 2) using protein purification and the yeast "two-hybrid" system to identify novel cDNAs which encode factors that interact with different domains of the T3Rs and are functionally important for transcriptional activation or repression; 3) defining the mechanism of action of the verbA oncogene, an avian retroviral counterpart of the a-form of T3R; 4) analyzing the functional role of T3R mutations found in the clinical syndrome of generalized thyroid hormone resistance; and 5) identifying novel antagonists for the RARs and the T3Rs using a computational approach based on the known crystal structure of nuclear hormone receptors (with Matthieu Schapira and Ruben Abaygan).



Academic office

455 First Avenue, Public Health Bldg.

8, 843/835

New York, NY 10016

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Kimmelman Prof of Pharmacology

MD from New York University

Pastar, Irena; Stojadinovic, Olivera; Sawaya, Andrew P; Stone, Rivka C; Lindley, Linsey Evan; Ojeh, Nkemcho; Vukelic, Sasa; Samuels, Herbert H; Tomic-Canic, Marjana

Journal of cellular physiology. 2016 11; 231(11):2452-63

Yang, Yawei J; Baltus, Andrew E; Mathew, Rebecca S; Murphy, Elisabeth A; Evrony, Gilad D; Gonzalez, Dilenny M; Wang, Estee P; Marshall-Walker, Christine A; Barry, Brenda J; Murn, Jernej; Tatarakis, Antonis; Mahajan, Muktar A; Samuels, Herbert H; Shi, Yang; Golden, Jeffrey A; Mahajnah, Muhammad; Shenhav, Ruthie; Walsh, Christopher A

Cell. 2012 Nov 21; 151(5):1097-112

Yeung, Kay T; Das, Sharmistha; Zhang, Jin; Lomniczi, Alejandro; Ojeda, Sergio R; Xu, Chong-Feng; Neubert, Thomas A; Samuels, Herbert H

Molecular & cellular biology. 2011 Jun; 31(11):2287-98

Goyanka, Ritu; Das, Sharmistha; Samuels, Herbert H; Cardozo, Timothy

Protein engineering, design & selection : PEDS. 2010 Nov; 23(11):809-15

Vukelic, Sasa; Stojadinovic, Olivera; Pastar, Irena; Vouthounis, Constantinos; Krzyzanowska, Agata; Das, Sharmistha; Samuels, Herbert H; Tomic-Canic, Marjana

Journal of biological chemistry. 2010 Jan 15; 285(3):1980-8

Garapaty, Shivani; Xu, Chong-Feng; Trojer, Patrick; Mahajan, Muktar A; Neubert, Thomas A; Samuels, Herbert H

Journal of biological chemistry. 2009 Mar 20; 284(12):7542-52