Heran Darwin

Heran Darwin, PhD

Professor, Department of Microbiology

Keywords
Microbiology, Tuberculosis
Summary

My lab seeks to understand how Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis, has become arguably the most successful pathogen on earth. M. tuberculosis only naturally infects humans and one-third of the world's population is infected by this bacillus. Using genetics and biochemistry, my lab has worked to characterize a protease called the proteasome, which is essential for M. tuberculosis to cause lethal infections in mice. Proteasomes are a family of proteases that are conserved in all domains of life, from bacteria to humans. Over the years, we identified key enzymes that function with the M. tuberculosis proteasome, several of which have activities that are unique to bacterial proteasome systems.

In addition to characterizing the mechanics of proteasome-dependent degradation, we have identified pathways affected by the proteasome, and many of these processes are essential for the tubercle bacillus to persist in a mammalian host. We are currently using multiple approaches, including proteomics and metabolomics, to understand the functions of many proteasome substrates that are of unknown function. Similarly, we have started to characterize other genes of unknown function that are required for causing lethal infections in mice using these "omics" approaches. Interestingly, we have found over the years that M. tuberculosis can often harbor mutations that prevent the death of its host, yet the host's immune system is unable to clear the infection. We are very interested in understanding how these bacilli remain, despite being unable to replicate robustly in its host.

Phone

212-263-2624

Academic office

450 East 29th Street, Room 329

New York, NY 10016

Lab Website
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Professor, Department of Microbiology

PhD from University of California, Los Angeles

Fellowship, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, Bacterial Pathogenesis

Wu, Yujie; Hu, Kuan; Li, Defeng; Bai, Lin; Yang, Shaoqing; Jastrab, Jordan B; Xiao, Shuhao; Hu, Yonglin; Zhang, Susan; Darwin, K Heran; Wang, Tao; Li, Huilin

Molecular microbiology. 2017 May 3; 105(2):227-241

Bai, Lin; Jastrab, Jordan B; Isasa, Marta; Hu, Kuan; Yu, Hongjun; Gygi, Steven P; Darwin, K Heran; Li, Huilin

Journal of bacteriology. 2017 Apr 11; 199(9):?-?

Jastrab, Jordan B; Samanovic, Marie I; Copin, Richard; Shopsin, Bo; Darwin, K Heran

Journal of bacteriology. 2017 Mar 14; 199(7):?-?

Zhang, Susan; Burns-Huang, Kristin E; Janssen, Guido V; Li, Huilin; Ovaa, Huib; Hedstrom, Lizbeth; Darwin, K Heran

MBio. 2017 Feb 21; 8(1):?-?

Becker, Samuel H; Darwin, K Heran

Microbiology & molecular biology reviews. 2016 Dec 14; 81(1):?-?

Bai, Lin; Hu, Kuan; Wang, Tong; Jastrab, Jordan M; Darwin, K Heran; Li, Huilin

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS). 2016 Apr 05; 113(14):E1983-E1992

Nowicka, Urszula; Hoffman, Morgan; Randles, Leah; Shi, Xiaoshan; Khavrutskii, Lyuba; Stefanisko, Karen; Tarasova, Nadya I; Darwin, K Heran; Walters, Kylie J

Proteins. 2016 Feb; 84(2):193-200

Samanovic, Marie I; Darwin, K Heran

Trends in microbiology. 2016 Jan; 24(1):26-34