Associate Professor, Department of Population Health
I am an Associate Professor in the Department of Population Health at New York University. I completed my PhD in infectious disease epidemiology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and a post-doctoral program in drug dependence at the National Development and Research Institutes, Inc. I completed a longitudinal cohort study among African American men being released from prison incarceration to examine factors driving STI/HIV-related drug use and sexual risk after release and buffering effects of social support from primary committed partners. Informed by cohort study findings, members of my team currently are piloting a novel couples-based STI/HIV prevention intervention adapted for jail/prison that aims to maintain and strengthen ties during incarceration to ensure intact support networks upon community re-entry, a stressful period when STI/HIV-related substance use and sexual risk is heightened. In a second line of work, I have extensive experience conducting secondary data analysis research using large nationally-representative data sources, including the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health). I completed an Add Health study that evaluated the role of adolescent substance use in adolescent and adulthood STI/HIV risk including the degree to which substance use-related criminal justice involvement mediates the association between substance use and STI/HIV risk. I have been funded to extend this Add Health work to look earlier in the life course at an upstream factor—childhood trauma—that may drive adolescent and adulthood substance use, criminal justice involvement, and infection.
Our team has conducted numerous studies on HIV-related drug and sex risk after release from incarceration including studies to establish incarceration as a structural determinant of HIV transmission. Specifically, our team has developed a novel conceptual model hypothesizing that incarceration, by disrupting social and sexual networks, contributes to reduced social cohesion, elevations in mental disorders, and drug and sex risk behaviors that drive HIV infection.
Positions and Honors
1997 Honors, Department of Sociology, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, PA
2002 Pogue UNC Graduate School Merit Assistantship
2002-2004 Fellowship for Population Studies, National Institute for Child Health and Human Development
2002-2007 Pre-doctoral Traineeship, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC
2004 Fellowship in Foreign Language Area Studies, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC
2005 Sidney Kark Award for Distinguished Teaching Assistant, Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC
2009 College on Problems of Drug Dependence Travel Award
Contribution to Science
2. Studies to highlight the link between untreated mental disorders and sexually transmissible infection risk in vulnerable populations including jail and prison inmates. We have examined the link between mood and personality factors and STI/HIV risk and have highlighted the importance of treating mental disorders as a component of addressing the race disparity in STI/HIV. In addition, we have documented the importance of both mood and personality disorders as strong independent correlates of STI/HIV risk among incarcerated black men, underscoring the need for prisons and jails to screen for and provide treatment of common treatable mental disorders to improve the health and well-being of inmates.
3. Network factors in HIV transmission. Using sociometric and egocentric network data, we have evaluated network-related factors associated with drug use, sex risk, and infection risk. These studies highlight the importance of social environment and peer influences in HIV risk.
4. Health disparities research focused on race and gender differences in infectious disease. We have demonstrated race and gender differences in levels of drug use, depression, and criminal justice involvement and in associations between these factors and sexual risk determinants of STI/HIV among adolescents and young adults at the national level. Findings have highlighted the need for group-specific approaches to development of interventions to prevent and address drug use, mental disorders, and HIV infection.
Ongoing Research SupportR01 DA044037 - Khan (PI) - 07/01/2017 – 04/30/2022 Stop-and-Frisk, Arrest, and Incarceration and STI/HIV Risk in Minority MSM This study aims to examine multiple levels of criminal justice involvement in the STI/HIV risk of minority men who have sex with men (MSM) by using epidemiologic and computer simulation. The study will inform development of structural STI/HIV prevention approaches in correctional settings. Role: PI U01 AA020799 - Braithwaite (PI) - 09/06/2011 – 08/31/2021 Consortium to Improve Outcomes in HIV/AIDS, Alcohol, Aging & Multi-substance use (COMpAAAS) Our proposal creates an interactive, web-based simulation model of HIV transmission that can help decision makers prioritize which intervention designs are most effect by tailoring results to patients and feasibility constraints. Role: Co-Investigator R01 AA024706-01A1 - Braithwaite (PI) - 09/15/2016 – 06/30/2021 Should screening and treatment strategies for unhealthy alcohol misuse in HIV infected persons vary with smoking, depression, and substance abuse? This proposal aims to inform guideline development for screening and treatment of unhealthy alcohol use, substance use, smoking and depression in HIV-infected persons. The target population is HIV-infected individuals in care at integrated health systems in regions with high HIV incidence. Role: Co-Investigator R01 DA036414 - Khan (PI) - 03/15/2014 – 01/31/2018 Longitudinal Study of Trauma, HIV Risk, and Criminal Justice Involvement This project was designed to measure the degree to which childhood traumatic events work in tandem with poverty to drive HIV risk and criminal justice involvement in the United States using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Role: PI P30 DA011041-16 - Deren (PI) - 04/15/1999 – 12/31/2017 Discovery to Implementation & Back: Research Translation for the HIV/SU Epidemic The goal of this project (CDUHR) is to enhance the utility and impact of research findings of our affiliated investigators through a transdisciplinary research infrastructure. Role: Associate Director of the Dissemination and Implementation Core R25 EB020389 - Braithwaite & Recht (PIs) - 12/01/2015 – 11/30/2018 Discovering the Value of Imaging: A Collaborative Training Program in Biomedical Big Data and Comparative Effectiveness Research for the Field of Radiology This proposal addresses this lack of evidence-based use of imaging by developing a collaborative training program in comparative effectiveness research (CER) and biomedical big data that will be accessible to a large number of imagers and imaging trainees. Role: Co-Investigator Completed Research Support R01 DA028766-S3 - Khan (PI) - 08/01/2011 – 07/31/2014 Relationship Disruption during Incarceration and HIV Risk in African American Men: Administrative Supplement Faculty Research Assistant: Typhanye Penniman Dyer This diversity supplement will provide the training necessary to position Dr. Typhanye Penniman Dyer as an independent investigator committed to research in the fields of drug dependence, and HIV prevention. Role: PI No Agency Number - Khan (PI) - 07/01/2013 – 06/30/2014 University of Florida Department of Epidemiology Post-earthquake Mobility and Women’s Health in Haiti The purpose of this study was to assess relationships among impoverishment, mobility both internally and internationally, and sexually transmitted infection risk among pregnant women in Gressier/Leogagne, Haiti, towns located at the epicenter of the 2010 earthquake. Role: PI R01 DA029894 - Latimer (PI) - 07/15/2010 – 06/30/2015 Four-Arm RCT of Brief MI vs. Couples-Based HIV/STI Prevention in South Africa The study is designed to test the efficacy of a brief motivational interview and a cognitive-behavioral couples’ intervention in an effort to address both the enormous scope of the HIV pandemic in Sub Saharan Africa via the brief intervention while also testing a couples’ intervention designed to target a wider range of risk factors that characterize subgroups at high HIV risk. Role: Co-Investigator R01 DA14498 - Latimer (PI) - 07/01/2001 – 01/31/2015 Adapt IFCBT as HIV Prevention Intervention for Non-Injection Drug Users The purpose of this study is to conduct a randomized trial of the IFCBT model with adult injection and non- injection drug users. Role: Co-Investigator Pilot Grant Award - Khan (PI) - 04/01/2015 – 09/01/2017 through P30 DA011041 Development and Acceptability of a Novel STI/HIV Prevention Intervention for Couples Affected by Incarceration This pilot study aims to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of implementing a prison-based HIV prevention intervention for incarcerated men and their female partners. Role: PI R01 DA028766 - Khan (PI) - 08/01/2010 – 07/31/2016 Relationship Disruption during Incarceration and HIV Risk in African American Men This observational cohort study aims to measure the influence of stability/dissolution of relationships during incarceration on STI/HIV risk behaviors and infection of 200 African American men released from prison. Role: PI R03 DA037131 - Penniman Dyer (PI) - 04/14/2014 – 03/31/2017 Syndemics, STI and HIV in Black Men who have Sex with Men and Women Using prospective data from the HIV Prevention Trials Network 061 (HPTN061) study, a large, multi-site study conducted to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a multi-component intervention for Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) including Black men who have sex with men and women (BMSMW), we propose to characterize syndemics affecting BMSMW and to measure associations between syndemics and high-risk sex partnerships and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV. Role: Consultant
Associate Professor, Department of Population Health
Director, Comparative Effectiveness and Implementation Training Program
Graduate Advisor, Population Health Training Program
PhD from University of North Carolina
MPH from University of North Carolina
Open forum infectious diseases. 2019 Jun; 6(6):ofz188
AIDS education & prevention. 2019 Apr; 31(2):127-135
Drug & alcohol dependence. 2019 Feb 14; 197:212-219
BMC public health. 2018 Dec 18; 18(1):1387
Substance use & misuse. 2018 Dec 13; 1-12
Sexually transmitted diseases. 2018 Sep; 45(9):626-631
Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes. JAIDS. 2018 Aug 15; 78(5):491-498