Moses V. Chao

Moses V. Chao, PhD

Skirball Institute

Professor, Department of Cell Biology

Professor, Department of Neuroscience and Physiology

Professor, Department of Psychiatry

Keywords
metabolism, molecular, cellular, & translational neuroscience, molecular mechanisms of trophic factor action
Summary

The generation and differentiation of neurons and glial cells are dependent upon cell-cell interactions mediated by a wide variety of growth factors and cytokines. The laboratory is interested in receptor-mediated mechanisms that direct cell differentiation versus cell proliferation in the nervous system. A major goal is to identify the biochemical steps that provide specificity in NGF signaling. Control of cell survival and death by neurotrophins is dictated by an unusual transduction system consisting of two transmembrane receptors, the TrkA tyrosine kinase and the p75 neurotrophin receptor, a member of the TNF receptor superfamily. Members of the NGF family are responsible for neuronal cell survival by activating Trk tyrosine kinases. However, NGF can have the opposite effect, promoting a cell death signal through the p75 receptor. NGF can induce apoptosis of mature oligodendrocytes cultured from rat cerebral cortex. NGF binding to oligodendrocytes expressing the p75 receptor, but not TrkA, resulted in an increase c-jun kinase and caspase activity. Therefore, NGF has the ability of promoting cell survival and cell death in specific cell types through novel signaling mechanisms involving TrkA and p75 receptors. The structural and biochemical features of these two receptors are being defined together with their intracellular signaling mechanisms.

In addition to receptor signal transduction, cell cycle regulation of CNS progenitor cells is being studied. For example, extensive changes in the levels of CDK2 kinase and the cell cycle inhibitor, p27Kip, accompany the differentiation of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells. CDK inhibitors such as p27 negatively regulate G1 phase progression by disrupting cyclin D-CDK4 complexes and cyclin E-CDK2 complexes. The signals necessary for glial cell growth arrest and differentiation are being studied. As a longterm goal, the axonal signals that trigger myelination by oligodendrocyte and Schwann cells will be approached by a combination of molecular and cellular approaches.

Phone

212-263-0721

Academic office

540-562 First Avenue

Fifth Floor

New York, NY 10016

Lab Website
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Professor, Department of Cell Biology

Professor, Department of Neuroscience and Physiology

Professor, Department of Psychiatry

Coord Molecular Neurobiology Prog

PhD from University of California, Los Angeles

Ginsberg, Stephen D; Malek-Ahmadi, Michael H; Alldred, Melissa J; Che, Shaoli; Elarova, Irina; Chen, Yinghua; Jeanneteau, Freddy; Kranz, Thorsten M; Chao, Moses V; Counts, Scott E; Mufson, Elliott J

Hippocampus. 2017 Sep 9; ?-?

Saadipour, Khalil; Manucat-Tan, Noralyn B; Lim, Yoon; Keating, Damien J; Smith, Kevin S; Zhong, Jin-Hua; Liao, Hong; Bobrovskaya, Larisa; Wang, Yan-Jiang; Chao, Moses V; Zhou, Xin-Fu

Journal of neurochemistry. 2017 Sep 4; ?-?

Mitre, Mariela; Minder, Jessica; Morina, Egzona X; Chao, Moses V; Froemke, Robert C

Current topics in behavioral neurosciences. 2017 Sep 2; ?-?

Saadipour, Khalil; MacLean, Michael; Pirkle, Sean; Ali, Solav; Lopez-Redondo, Maria Luisa; Stokes, David L; Chao, Moses V

Journal of biological chemistry. 2017 Aug 17; 292(40):16594-16604

Joe, Peter; Getz, Mara; Redman, Samantha; Kranz, Thorsten Manfred; Chao, Moses V; Delaney, Shannon; Chen, Lea Ann; Malaspina, Dolores

Schizophrenia research. 2017 Aug 7; ?-?

Veras, Andre B; Peixoto, Clayton; Messinger, Julie Walsh; Getz, Mara; Goetz, Raymond; Buckley, Peter; Chao, Moses; Nardi, Antonio E; Malaspina, Dolores; Kranz, Thorsten Manfred

Schizophrenia research. 2017 Jul 12; ?-?

Petrilli, M A; Kranz, T M; Kleinhaus, K; Joe, P; Getz, M; Johnson, P; Chao, M V; Malaspina, D

Frontiers in pharmacology. 2017 Jun 30; 8(JUN):414

Linderman, Jessica A; Kobayashi, Mariko; Rayannavar, Vinayak; Fak, John J; Darnell, Robert B; Chao, Moses V; Wilson, Angus C; Mohr, Ian

Cell reports. 2017 Jan 31; 18(5):1312-1323

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