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William H. Seiple, PhD

Research Professor, Department of Ophthalmology

Keywords
functional exploration of the human visual system
Summary

We direct our research efforts toward exploring the human visual system using electrophysiologic and psychophysical techniques, which provides a link between animal neurophysiology and subjective reports of visual phenomena, i.e., human psychophysics. We attempt to understand visual processes in humans, apply this knowledge to elucidating the sites and mechanisms of visual loss in patients with ophthalmologic disease, and apply these findings to developing new clinical diagnostic tests.

Most recently, we explored the changes in temporal processing that occur as a function of light adaptation. It is a common observation that the highest resolvable temporal frequency increases as a function of the level of light to which the visual system is exposed. We examined the sites of these gain changes by comparing the temporal responsiveness of the human retinal photoreceptors to psychophysi-cal temporal sensitivity. Our results suggest that most of the adaptation-dependent changes in temporal sensitivity occur at the level of the cone photoreceptors.

These findings have been applied to understanding the losses in temporal sensitivity that occur in patients with retinitis pigmentosa, an inherited retinal degeneration. In this work, the cone system sensitivity loss induced by disease sites were examined by comparing electrophysiologic and psychophysical data. We reasoned that if the disease process primarily affects the outer retina, then both measures of temporal sensitivity should show deficits. If, on the other hand, the disease process primarily affects postreceptoral sites, only the psychophysical results should be abnormal. The combined results provided evidence for an outer retinal locus for cone temporal sensitivity losses in patients with retinitis pigmentosa.

 

These focus areas and their associated publications are derived from medical subject headings from PubMed.
represents one publication
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*Due to PubMed processing times, the most recent publications may not be reflected in the timeline.

PhD from University of Illinois

Wu, Annie M; Morse, Alan R; Seiple, William H; Talwar, Nidhi; Hansen, Sean O; Lee, Paul P; Stein, Joshua D

Ophthalmology. 2020 Jul 16;

Morse, Alan R; Seiple, William; Talwar, Nidhi; Lee, Paul P; Stein, Joshua D

JAMA ophthalmology. 2019 Jun 01; 137(6):634-640

Wittich, Walter; St Amour, Lorie; Jarry, Jonathan; Seiple, William

Optometry & vision science. 2018 Sep; 95(9):852-858

Arango, Tiffany; Morse, Alan R; Seiple, William

Optometry & vision science. 2018 Aug; 95(8):663-671

Seiple, William; Overbury, Olga; Rosenthal, Bruce; Arango, Tiffany; Odom, J Vernon; Morse, Alan R

American journal of occupational therapy. 2018 Mar/Apr; 72(2):7202345020p1-7202345020p7

Jackson, Mary Lou; Seiple, William

Ophthalmology retina. 2017 Nov - Dec; 1(6):524-530

The Functional Performance of the BrainPort V100 Device in Persons Who Are Profoundly Blind

Grant, Patricia; Spencer, Lindsey; Arnoldussen, Aimee; Hogle, Rich; Nau, Amy; Szlyk, Janet; Nussdorf, Jonathan; Fletcher, Donald C; Gordon, Keith; Seiple, William

Journal of visual impairment & blindness. 2016 Mar-Apr; 110(2):77-88