Walker Lab Research | NYU Langone Health

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Walker Lab Walker Lab Research

Walker Lab Research

Below is a list of research studies led by NYU Langone’s Walker Lab.

Etiology of Osteoarthritis

We are carrying out experiments on the loaded knee in patients with unaffected knee function and in patients with early osteoarthritis (OA), using MRI imaging to investigate the possibility that a dysfunctional meniscus leads to overstressing and failure of the articular cartilage.

Early Intervention Treatment

We are developing a treatment for symptomatic early OA, with the criteria of resurfacing only the worn areas of cartilage and retaining the remaining joint structures, which is feasible by small-incision surgery and simple low-cost instrumentation, with durable results. A specially constructed wear test machine and finite-element analysis are being used to design the optimally shaped components.

Unicompartmental Knee Replacement

Following studies which show that an increasing number of patients with arthritis could be treated with a unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR), we are carrying out further development of the MAKO system by testing new modular components in our up-and-down crouching machine and by applying finite-element analysis to the formulation of new components and fixation methods for enhanced durability.

Total Knee Replacement

Although total knee replacement (TKR) is very successful both in terms of function and durability, function may still not be optimal for more active patients. We are developing a new “Guided Motion TKR” which is designed to restore the “medial stability-lateral mobility” characteristics of the anatomic knee. Possible designs are being tested in comparison with currently used cruciate retaining and sacrificing designs, using special-purpose machines.

Effectiveness of Rehabilitation

A rapid return to normal function after TKR is a major advantage, for which studies are ongoing. Foot-to-ground pressures and extension strength are used as indicators to determine whether the Early Discharge Program helps or hinders the speed of recovery. More recently we have initiated a study using accelerometers to measure knee stability, which would have extensive application to the knee after injuries and after various treatments.