Courses for Program of Ergonomics and Biomechanics

Applied Ergonomic Methods: EHSC-GA 2133 Prerequisite: Ergonomics Issues I, TBA 1-4 points

This course is designed to allow for an independent study project and is intended to guide students in the application of ergonomic methods. The project is carried out under the supervision of one or more faculty members. Students may conduct the study in the field, or at their workplace, based on available resources. Students will be required to submit a written report for grading. The work may encompass up to two semesters. The topic and scope of the work will be negotiated in advance with the program coordinator and approved by the faculty.

The project offers students an opportunity to practice as ergonomists, identifying and solving ergonomic problems, under supervision.

Biomechanics EHSC-GA 2101 Prerequisites: calculus, physics, or permission of the instructor. Kraszewski. 4 points.

This course consists of two parts. In the first part the basic concepts of mechanics, such as force and torque, are introduced. These concepts are first applied to analyze relatively simple mechanical systems. Analogies between basic mechanical elements and human body parts are formed, and the principles of mechanics are then applied to analyze muscle and joint reaction forces controlling and coordinating the movements of major joints of human musculoskeletal system.

The second part is devoted to the analyses of “moving” systems with applications to human motion analyses and sports mechanics. The topics to be covered in the second part include description and causes of linear and rotational motion, one and two dimensional linear and angular kinematics and kinetics motion analysis as well as concepts of work, energy, power, impulse, and momentum and their application for the analysis of bodies in motion. Course lectures will be carried out by solving examples and problems on the covered topics.

Physical Biomechanics EHSC-GA 2111 Prerequisites: calculus and basic anatomy of the musculoskeletal system, or permission of the instructor. Schecter-Weiner. 4 points. 

This course consists of two parts. In the first section of the course the laws of physics and basic concepts of biology, physiology and mechanics will be applied to explain the effect of applied forces and the biomechanical response of the tissues of the neuro-musculoskeletal system.

In the second part of the course basic biomechanical concepts will be used to describe motion undergone by various body/joint segments and the forces acting on these body parts during normal daily activities. To facilitate the understanding of the basic tissue/joint musculoskeletal biomechanics, selected case studies will be used over the course of the semester.

Applied Biomechanics in the Analysis of Human Performance EHSC-GA 2112 Prerequisites: EHSC-GA 2101 and EHSC-GA 2111, or permission of the instructor. Campello. 4 points.

This course builds upon the Physical Biomechanics and Biomechanics courses. Its primary purpose is to explore the major processes and mechanisms underlying human motor performance and the pathomechanics of the most relevant occupational related Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD). Biomechanical principles and their interaction with basic applied sciences are systemically introduced to produce a meaningful conceptual framework and facilitate hypothetical-deductive reasoning.

Specific topics to be covered in the first part of the course include the review of physical biomechanics with increased emphasis on its interaction with other applied sciences such as neuroscience and energetics physiology. The second part of the course will focus on multi-segmental motion analysis and clinical biomechanics of selected case studies on occupational related MSD.

Practicum in Ergonomics and Biomechanics EHSC-GA 2121 Prerequisites: EHSC-GA 2111, EHSC-GA 2112, EHSC-GA 2131 and EHSC-GA 2303, or permission of instructor. Sheikhzadeh. 4 points.

The course will focus on methods and instruments for data collection and analysis of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD). The course lectures and hands-on projects are designed to illustrate theoretical and practical issues with the use of various instruments. Emphasis is placed on appropriate methods of data collection and analysis of risk factors for MSD - posture, force, and motion - using electromyography signals. This course introduces students to the basic principles underlying the acquisition of a physiological signal via computer, and statistical methods for analysis and interpretation.

Research Methods in Ergonomics and Biomechanics EHSC-GA 2123 Prerequisite: EHSC-GA 2303. Weiser. 4 points.

This course is designed to give graduate level students an overview of common study designs in scientific and medical research, and specific knowledge in the application of these research methods in the field of Ergonomics and Biomechanics. Also, students will learn to critically evaluate scientific papers and learn how to draw valid conclusions.

The first part of the course is an overview of the scientific method and various study designs that can be used to investigate musculoskeletal disorders (MSD). The second half focuses on specific topics relevant to research practice, such as issues in measurement, measurement instrument validation, statistical analysis, and ethical conduct of research. Illustrations of the applications of these methods are presented in the context of ergonomic and biomechanical approaches to the evaluation and control of musculoskeletal disorders.

Ergonomics Issues I: Physical Factors in the Workplace EHSC-GA 2131 Prerequisites: EHSC-GA 2101 and EHSC-GA 2111, or permission of the instructor. TBA. 4 points.

Ergonomics is the study of fitting the workplace to the capabilities of the human worker. Ergonomists apply knowledge from biomechanics, physiology, psychology and engineering to the design of tasks, work organization, work environment, workstations, and tools.

Taking a “systems approach” to the design of work, this course examines the interactions between the human worker and the equipment used at work. The course focuses on the design of the manufacturing process in the context of implementing an ergonomics program for injury prevention. The first section focuses on physical issues directly related to controlling musculoskeletal disorders. The second section enhances the background in industrial ergonomics by addressing the physical and organizational environment relevant to workplace design. The scope of the topics in both is specifically selected to focus on prevention of musculoskeletal problems.

Ergonomics Issues II: Environmental Factors in the Workplace EHSC-GA 2132 Prerequisites: EHSC-GA 2101, EHSC-GA 2111 and EHSC-GA 2131, or permission of the instructor. Sembajwe. 4 points.

The course covers environmental influences in the workplace that are relevant to the development of musculoskeletal problems. Emphasis is on recognizing and designing safe and productive work environments. Includes sensory-motor processes, temperature, whole-body and segmental vibration, noise, lighting, indoor air quality and organizational factors. This course enables students to appreciate environmental issues that affect ergonomic interventions in the workplace.

Independent Study: Ergonomics and Biomechanics EHSC-GA 2100 Prerequisites: EHSC-GA 2101, EHSC-GA 2111, EHSC-GA 2121, and EHSC-GA 2131, or permission of adviser. Faculty. 1-12 points.

Independent study is intended to promote original research in the general fields of ergonomics and biomechanics. Study is carried out under the supervision of one or more faculty members. Students enrolled in this course are encouraged to utilize all appropriate laboratory and computer equipment. At the end of each semester, the student is expected to submit a written report.

Doctorate Research EHSC-GA 3002 Supervised by a faculty member. 1-12 points.

Note: There are a wide range of courses that are offered in the Biology Department and in the Sackler Basic Medical Sciences Program (see NYU Bulletin). In addition, full-time doctoral students who have completed one year of study can take courses at distinguished universities throughout the New York area as part of the Inter-University Doctoral Consortium.