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Rusk Rehabilitation Research Biofeedback Rehabilitation Research

Biofeedback Rehabilitation Research

At NYU Langone’s Rusk Rehabilitation, Sonya Kim, PhD, CRC, BCB, is considered a pioneer of heart rate variability in traumatic brain injury.

Dr. Kim’s research interests include cognitive deficits in multiple sclerosis (MS), chronic traumatic brain injury, and mechanisms and interventions that help rehabilitate functioning after sustaining a brain injury.

Board-certified in biofeedback, Dr. Kim is using heart rate variability biofeedback to improve emotional regulation for people with severe and chronic brain injuries. This work integrates psychophysiology biofeedback into behavioral training techniques to improve the lives of individuals with significant, long-term brain injury. By using physical memory to enhance self-regulation, this training technique teaches people with serious learning and memory problems to gain control over emotional dysregulation.

Dr. Kim is also investigating the effects external factors on patient self-regulation. Specifically, Dr. Kim is interested in the family response to a patient’s condition and how that response impacts quality of life for both patient and caregiver. Dr. Kim developed an instrument to quantify post-traumatic growth in caregiving partners of people with MS and is in the process of validating this instrument for other populations, including acquired brain injuries. Dr. Kim recently received a grant from the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR) under the Switzer Research Fellowship to support this work.

Recent Publications

Measuring personal growth in partners of persons with multiple sclerosis: A new scale

Kim, Sonya; Zemon, Vance; Foley, Frederick W

Rehabilitation psychology. 2020 Aug ; 65:219-230

Using a Survey to Characterize Rehabilitation Professionals' Perceptions and Use of Complementary, Integrative, and Alternative Medicine

Kim, Sonya; Capo-Lugo, Carmen; Reed, William R; Vora, Ariana; Ehsanian, Reza; Krishnan, Shilpa; Hu, Xiaolei; Galantino, Mary Lou; Mortera, Marianne H; Beattie, Aaron; Sasson, Nicole; Theodore, Brian R; Erb, Matt; Heyn, Patricia

Journal of alternative & complementary medicine. 2020 Aug ; 26:663-665

Emotion regulation after acquired brain injury: a study of heart rate variability, attentional control, and psychophysiology

Kim, Sonya; Zemon, Vance; Lehrer, Paul; McCraty, Rollin; Cavallo, Marie M; Raghavan, Preeti; Ginsberg, Jay Jp; Foley, Frederick W

Brain injury. 2019 Mar 23; 1-9

Overview of pharmacological interventions after traumatic brain injuries: impact on selected outcomes

Kim, Sonya; Mortera, Marianne; Hu, Xiaolei; Krishnan, Shilpa; Hoffecker, Lilian; Herrold, Amy; Terhorst, Lauren; King, Laurie; Machtinger, Joseph; Zumsteg, Jennifer M; Negm, Ahmed; Heyn, Patricia

Brain injury. 2019 Jan 29; 1-14

Overview of Common Complementary and Integrative Approaches to Managing Chronic Pain: A Guide for Patients With Chronic Pain

Krishnan, Shilpa; Anderson, Dustin; Chan, Sophia; Kim, Sonya; Reistetter, Timothy; Sood, Pallavi; Mortera, Marianne H; Heesakker, Justin M; Heyn, Patricia C

Archives of physical medicine & rehabilitation. 2018 Nov ; 99:2393-2394

Problem solving, biofeedback, and severe brain injury: The moderating role of positive affect

Kim, Sonya; Rath, Joseph F; Zemon, Vance; Cavallo, Marie M; McCraty, Rollin; Sostre, Ana; Foley, Frederick W

Rehabilitation psychology. 2018 02 ; 63:148-154

Complementary and Integrative Medicine Utilization Among Rehabilitation Professionals: Attitudes and Practice

Kim, Sonya; Theodore, Brian; Capo-Lugo, Carmen; Krishnan, Shilpa; Ehsanian, Reza; Hu, Xiaolei; Beatie, Aaron; Vora, Ariana; Mortera, Marianne; Chan, Sophia; Sasson, Nicole; Tyson, Allan; Ginsberg, Jp; Appel, Philip; Tibbett, Jacqueline; Heyn, Patricia

Archives of physical medicine & rehabilitation. 2018; 99:e196-e196

An Umbrella Review of Systematic Reviews of Pharmacological Treatments Post-TBI

Kim, Sonya; Mortera, Marianne; Hoffecker, Lilian; Herrold, Amy; King, Laurie; Terhorst, Lauren; Hu, Xiaolei; Krishnan, Shilpa; Machtinger, Joseph; Heyn, Patricia

Archives of physical medicine & rehabilitation. 2017 Oct; 98:e142-e142