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Rusk Rehabilitation Research Stroke Rehabilitation Research

Stroke Rehabilitation Research

At NYU Langone’s Rusk Rehabilitation, our research has enabled us to develop innovative therapies, devices, and technology to improve patient outcomes for people who experience a stroke.

Beginning in 2018, Jonathan H. Whiteson, MD, launched efforts to establish a research community to study the role and value of aerobic exercise in recovery and rehabilitation not only in patients with cardiopulmonary conditions but also in patients who have had stroke.

Although Rusk Rehabilitation has been integral in developing groundbreaking treatments for post-stroke muscle stiffness, Dr. Whiteson examines the effects of exercise beyond strengthening weak muscles and improving endurance after a stroke. He is examining the effects of aerobic exercise at a neurochemical and cellular level and found that it enhances the traditional rehabilitation recovery rate and provides significant cognitive benefits.

In the Mobilis Laboratory, Heidi Schambra, MD, leads a research team working to understand motor recovery after stroke and developing mechanistically informed therapies to accelerate recovery. Funded by the National Institutes of Health, the laboratory takes a multimodal approach to stud the motor system, using neurophysiological (transcranial magnetic stimulation), neuromodulatory (transcranial direct current stimulation), neuroanatomical (diffusion kurtosis MRI), biomechanical (kinematics, electromyography), and behavioral methods. This experimental approach enables the complementary appraisal of systems supporting motor learning and recovery in the upper limbs.

In the Visuomotor Integration Laboratory, John-Ross (J.R.) Rizzo, MD, MSCI, and his team focus on the intersection between ocular motor control and appendicular motor control, with a particular emphasis on understanding the mechanisms of eye–hand coordination as they relate to stroke recovery. The long-term goal of the multidisciplinary research group is to streamline the development of comprehensive diagnostics and pragmatic therapies to rapidly detect impairment and more effectively promote function. Through behavioral methodology and advanced neuroimaging, our researchers study the biomechanics of eye and hand (oculography and motion capture) to answer questions that surround visuomotor integration in motor learning and recovery.

We translate our cumulative research efforts into improved patient treatments and therapies offered through our Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF)–accredited stroke rehabilitation program.

Recent Publications

Multidisciplinary collaborative consensus guidance statement on the assessment and treatment of fatigue in postacute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection (PASC) patients

Herrera, Joseph E; Niehaus, William N; Whiteson, Jonathan; Azola, Alba; Baratta, John M; Fleming, Talya K; Kim, Soo Yeon; Naqvi, Huma; Sampsel, Sarah; Silver, Julie K; Gutierrez, Monica Verduzco; Maley, Jason; Herman, Eric; Abramoff, Benjamin

PM&R. 2021 09 ; 13:1027-1043

Dysfunctional mode switching between fixation and saccades: collaborative insights into two unusual clinical disorders

Rucker, Janet C; Rizzo, John-Ross; Hudson, Todd E; Horn, Anja K E; Buettner-Ennever, Jean A; Leigh, R John; Optican, Lance M

Journal of computational neuroscience. 2021 Aug ; 49:283-293

Corticoreticulospinal tract neurophysiology in an arm and hand muscle in healthy and stroke subjects

Taga, Myriam; Charalambous, Charalambos C; Raju, Sharmila; Lin, Jing; Zhang, Yian; Stern, Elisa; Schambra, Heidi M

Journal of physiology. 2021 Aug ; 599:3955-3971

The use of wearable sensors to assess and treat the upper extremity after stroke: a scoping review

Kim, Grace J; Parnandi, Avinash; Eva, Sharon; Schambra, Heidi

Disability & rehabilitation. 2021 Jul 30; 1-20

NE-Motion: Visual Analysis of Stroke Patients Using Motion Sensor Networks

Contreras, Rodrigo Colnago; Parnandi, Avinash; Coelho, Bruno Gomes; Silva, Claudio; Schambra, Heidi; Nonato, Luis Gustavo

Sensors (Basel, Switzerland). 2021 Jun 30; 21:

Detection of normal and slow saccades using implicit piecewise polynomial approximation

Dai, Weiwei; Selesnick, Ivan; Rizzo, John-Ross; Rucker, Janet; Hudson, Todd

Journal of vision. 2021 Jun 07; 21:8

A Model for Vision Rehabilitation and the Role of the Physiatrist on the Interdisciplinary Team

Hreha, Kimberly; Weden, Kathleen; Perea, Jaimee; Roberts, Pamela; Rizzo, John Ross

American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation. 2021 Jun 01; 100:e80-e81

Demonstrating the vital role of physiatry throughout the health care continuum: Lessons learned from the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on inpatient rehabilitation

Whiteson, Jonathan H; Escalón, Miguel Xavier; Maltser, Susan; Verduzco-Gutierrez, Monica

PM&R. 2021 06 ; 13:554-562